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Puppy Care Guide: Essential Steps for a Healthy Start – Vaccination, Prevention & More

Vaccinations in Dogs What to do

Welcoming a new puppy into your family is an exciting time filled with joy and anticipation. As you prepare for this latest addition, it’s crucial to consider the importance of Puppy Vaccinations in ensuring their long-term health and happiness.

Vaccinations protect your furry friend from various diseases and illnesses, setting the foundation for a vibrant and active life together. This article will explore the essential vaccinations every puppy needs and why they are integral to their well-being.

First steps

First, we must buy everything we need: bowls, food, a collar, a leash, and, of course, a kennel, which must be placed in a suitable place. After doing all this, it is equally important to choose a trusted veterinary surgeon from the outset to whom we will entrust the health of our four-legged friend for the rest of his life if things go well.

Veterinary check-ups

We must take our puppy, whether dog or cat, to a veterinary surgeon immediately to examine it and ensure it is healthy. The vet will be able to inform us, among other things, about everything related to the first vaccinations, a fundamental event in a dog or cat’s life.

Vaccinations in Dogs What to do

A formidable weapon

If correctly carried out, vaccination can guarantee our four-legged friend’s health as much as possible. Unfortunately, in recent years, certain diseases that seemed almost completely eradicated, such as gastroenteritis and distemper, have resurfaced in dogs.

Viral gastroenteritis also causes many victims, respiratory diseases, and leukaemia in cats. Vaccination is of fundamental importance to protect our friends from these fearsome diseases.

Lifestyles

For dogs, vaccination is possible from the age of two months onwards, and it can be carried out as a lump sum or in instalments, as the case may be. The first time, it is necessary to recall the vaccine 20-30 days after the first administration.

As far as the cat is concerned, to decide which vaccinations to carry out, it is necessary to assess the animal’s lifestyle. If Kitty lives at home without contact with the outside world and, therefore, with other cats, only the primary vaccination (i.e., respiratory diseases and gastroenteritis) can be carried out.

If carried out correctly, vaccination allows you to protect the health of your four-legged friend.

On the other hand, if Kitty goes outside and meets other cats, we must also vaccinate him for my feline. A booster vaccine must also be administered 20-30 days after the first administration.

A fearsome disease

Leptospirosis is a particularly dreadful disease in dogs that deserves further investigation. Fortunately, a vaccine exists for it. Unfortunately, this disease can also infect humans, sometimes with fatal results. It often starts with a flu-like illness, high fever, tiredness and sadness, muscle pain and weakness, and migraine, followed by kidney damage.

The main transmitters of the disease are rats, which can contaminate water pools and drinking bowls with their urine. Infection can also occur through skin excoriations or the mucous membrane of the eyes, nose and throat with contaminated material, mainly urine.

Symptoms

Symptoms differ depending on the type of bacteria sustaining the infection. One can experience even relatively high fever (40-41°C), anorexia, muscle pain, congestion of the conjunctival mucosa, and often also vomiting.

The infection can also occur through skin abrasions, the mucous membrane of the eyes, nose, and throat, and contaminated material, mainly urine.

When the bacteria localise at their chosen sites (liver and kidneys), hepatitis, jaundice, kidney function disorders, and gastroenteritis may occur. The buccal and conjunctival mucosa take on a characteristic yellow-orange, unmistakable colour.

With anaemia, there are usually changes in blood cells, such as increased white blood cells and sometimes decreased platelets. The veterinary surgeon makes the diagnosis based on symptoms and confirms it with a serological test, which shows the presence of antibodies against the bacterium.

Prevention is the watchword.

All cats should be regularly vaccinated against herpes virus rhinotracheitis, viral gastroenteritis (Panleukopenia) and caliciviruses: the combination of these vaccines is known as trivalent and must be recalled annually.

Infection prevention is crucial; therefore, dogs should be vaccinated from puppyhood and repeated annually. Different types of leptospirosis are defined in technical terms by very complicated names.

Today, a commercially available vaccine protects dogs from the main types of leptospirosis. According to recent publications, the vaccine can reduce (in-) infection, prevent disease symptoms, and reduce colonisation of the bacterium in the kidney. It also protects as many as four leptospira serovars, and immunity lasts up to 12 months.

As far as the dog is concerned, from two months onwards, it is possible to proceed with vaccinations, which can be carried out in a single solution or split up.

Depending on the case, different vaccination methods (called vaccination protocols) must be agreed upon with your veterinary surgeon. In general, as this is a very dangerous disease, it is necessary to repeat the vaccination every year, especially in dogs that are more exposed to the risk of contagion, i.e., those that spend part of their lives outdoors or, for example, go hunting.

Conclusion

In conclusion, prioritising Puppy Vaccinations is vital in safeguarding your pet’s health and longevity. By staying proactive and ensuring your puppy receives the necessary vaccinations, you provide them with the best possible start.

Remember, prevention is always better than cure, and investing in vaccinations can save both heartache and expenses. With proper care and attention to their vaccination schedule, you can look forward to many happy years of companionship and adventures with your beloved furry companion.

Thank you for reading the article to the end. Your reading contribution was significant to us.

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The "Frenchie Breed" website is a blog aimed at dog owners. We regularly publish articles about our four-legged furry friends. Among the contents of our blog, you will find ample space on the latest news in the sector, with information and in-depth analysis dedicated to the world of dogs in all its forms, the latest trends and news of the moment, curious facts, events devoted to dogs, product reviews, as well as an intense activity of information regarding the health and well-being of pets.

Please Note: The articles in the 'Frenchie Breed Blog' are for information purposes only; nothing published can or should be construed as an attempt to offer professional advice or consultation with a physician, veterinary surgeon or another health professional.

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Written by Frenchie Breed

The "Frenchie Breed" website is a blog aimed at dog owners. We regularly publish articles about our four-legged furry friends. Among the contents of our blog, you will find ample space on the latest news in the sector, with information and in-depth analysis dedicated to the world of dogs in all its forms, the latest trends and news of the moment, curious facts, events devoted to dogs, product reviews, as well as an intense activity of information regarding the health and well-being of pets.

Please Note: The articles in the 'Frenchie Breed Blog' are for information purposes only; nothing published can or should be construed as an attempt to offer professional advice or consultation with a physician, veterinary surgeon or another health professional.

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