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All About The Majestic Breed Of Dogue De Bordeaux

Like a few others, a faithful companion dog greatly loves human contact.

Dogue de Bordeaux, a concentrate of strength and sweetness that is truly special.

The Dogue de Bordeaux is a large dog. But it is known for its size and the laziness and docility it shows its owner. An example? The dog from the 1990s TV series ‘Tequila and Bonetti’.

History

Origin: French, the Dogue de Bordeaux: the only French dogue, one of the oldest dog breeds in France, may be descended from Roman Molossian and Spanish Dogues and known in the southwest since the Middle Ages under the name of Alan Vaultre, the name of an ancient fighting and hunting dogue. In the 18th century, Buffon described it under the appellation Dogue d’Aquitaine. It was long described as a ‘butcher’s dog’, as it was the guardian of the guild’s houses.

1863, the first French dog show occurred in Paris in the zoological garden. The Dogue de Bordeaux already appeared under their current name. The breed, which had suffered during the two world wars to the point of being threatened with extinction, resumed its development in the 1960s.

Appearance and Attributes

The Dogue de Bordeaux, also known as the Bordeaux Mastiff or French Mastiff, is a large and powerful breed of dog that originated in France. It has a distinctive appearance and many unique attributes. Here’s an overview of its appearance and characteristics:

Appearance:

  1. Size: Dogue de Bordeaux is a large and muscular breed. Adult males typically weigh between 110 and 145 pounds (50 and 66 kg), and females weigh slightly less, around 99 and 120 pounds (45 and 54 kg).
  2. Build: The breed has a robust and muscular build with a broad chest and a deep, well-sprung ribcage. Their bodies are solid and robust, giving them a formidable presence.
  3. Head: One of the most distinguishing features of the Dogue de Bordeaux is its massive head. It is significant, square, and wrinkled, with loose skin around the neck and throat. The head is proportionate to the body and is one of the breed’s defining characteristics.
  4. Muzzle and Jowls: The muzzle of a Dogue de Bordeaux is short and broad, with a slightly upturned nose. They often have pronounced flews (loose, pendulous lips) contributing to their distinctive expression.
  5. Eyes and Ears: Their eyes are medium-sized, set well apart, and usually have a brown colour that complements their coat. The ears are relatively small, typically rounded at the tips, and usually hang down close to the head.
  6. Coat: The breed has a short, fine coat that comes in various shades of fawn, ranging from light to dark. Some dogs may have a darker mask on their faces, which adds to their striking appearance.
Although Dogue de Bordeaux is robust, its head appears voluminous, its nostrils are wide open, and its neck is muscular.
There are two variants of this breed, the difference being only the colour of the so-called mask, i.e. the muzzle area, which can be black or red, and thus also gives the colour to the truffle.

Attributes:

  1. Temperament: Despite their imposing appearance, Dogue de Bordeaux are known for their gentle and affectionate nature. They are loyal, protective, and deeply attached to their families. They can be excellent companions and are particularly good with children when properly socialised.
  2. Guarding Instinct: Historically, Dogue de Bordeaux were used as guardian dogs, and this protective instinct still holds today. They naturally protect their home and family, making them effective watchdogs.
  3. Training and Socialisation: This breed requires early and consistent training and proper socialisation to develop into well-mannered and balanced adults. They respond well to positive reinforcement methods and firm, fair handling.
  4. Exercise Needs: Despite their large size, Dogue de Bordeaux are not overly energetic dogs. They require regular exercise to maintain their health and weight, but they are not as high-energy as other breeds.
  5. Health Considerations: Like many large breeds, Dogue de Bordeaux can be prone to specific health issues, including hip dysplasia, elbow dysplasia, heart problems, and skin conditions. Regular veterinary care, a balanced diet, and appropriate exercise are essential for their well-being.
  6. Lifespan: The average lifespan of a Dogue de Bordeaux is around 8 to 10 years, although some individuals may live longer with proper care.

UK Price of Dogue De Bordeaux

The price of a Dogue de Bordeaux puppy in the UK can vary widely based on factors such as the breeder’s reputation, the puppy’s lineage, health and quality, and the current demand for the breed. Generally, reputable breeders who prioritise the health and well-being of their dogs tend to charge higher prices.

On average, you can expect to pay anywhere from £1,500 to £3,000 for a Dogue de Bordeaux puppy from a responsible breeder in the UK. However, it’s important to note that prices can fluctuate, and it’s crucial to do thorough research when looking for a breeder. Avoid purchasing puppies from unscrupulous sources such as puppy mills or backyard breeders, as they may prioritise profit over the welfare of the dogs.

Additionally, remember that the initial cost of acquiring a puppy is just one part of the overall expenses of owning a dog. There are ongoing costs for food, veterinary care, grooming, training, and other necessities.

Since prices may have changed since my knowledge cutoff date, I recommend contacting reputable breeders in your area or checking online platforms for up-to-date pricing information. Always prioritise ethical breeding practices and the dogs’ well-being when bringing a new pet into your home.

Here are some additional costs to consider when buying a Dogue de Bordeaux puppy:

  • Food: Dogue de Bordeauxs are large dogs and eat a lot of food. You can expect to spend around £100-£150 monthly on food.
  • Grooming: Dogue de Bordeaux have short, thick coats that require regular grooming. You can expect to spend around £50-£100 monthly on grooming.
  • Vet care: Dogue de Bordeauxs are prone to specific health problems, so you must budget for regular vet care. You can expect to spend around £200-£300 per year on vet care.

Overall, the cost of owning a Dogue de Bordeaux is not cheap. However, if you are prepared for the commitment and the price, these dogs can make excellent companions.

Pros and Cons of Owning this Breed

Like any breed, owning a Dogue de Bordeaux has advantages and challenges. It’s essential to consider the pros and cons before deciding if this breed fits you and your lifestyle. Here are some potential pros and cons of owning a Dogue de Bordeaux:

Pros:

  1. Loyal and Protective: Dogue de Bordeaux is known for its loyalty and protective nature. They are often devoted to their families and can be excellent watchdogs, providing a sense of security.
  2. Gentle and Affectionate: Despite their imposing appearance, many Dogue de Bordeaux are gentle giants that can be very affectionate and loving with their families.
  3. Good with Children: Dogue de Bordeaux can be great with children with proper socialisation and training. They often form strong bonds with kids and are patient and tolerant.
  4. Low to Moderate Exercise Needs: While large breed, Dogue de Bordeaux does not require excessive exercise. A moderate amount of daily activity is usually sufficient to keep them healthy and happy.
  5. Minimal Grooming: Their short, fine coat requires relatively little grooming compared to other breeds. Occasional brushing and regular baths should suffice to keep their skin looking nice.
  6. Dignified Presence: Their imposing appearance can deter potential intruders, making them effective guard dogs.

Cons:

  1. Health Concerns: Like many large breeds, Dogue de Bordeaux can be prone to specific health issues such as hip and elbow dysplasia, heart problems, skin conditions, and respiratory issues due to their brachycephalic (short-nosed) nature.
  2. Short Lifespan: Dogue de Bordeaux has a relatively short lifespan compared to other breeds, typically around 8 to 10 years. This can be emotionally challenging for owners who become deeply attached to their dogs.
  3. Training Challenges: Despite their loyalty, Dogue de Bordeaux can be stubborn and require consistent, patient training. Positive reinforcement methods are generally more effective than harsh training techniques.
  4. Size and Space Requirements: Their large size requires enough space to move comfortably. Living in a small apartment may not be ideal for this breed.
  5. Slobbering and Drooling: Due to their loose jowls, Dogue de Bordeaux are known for drooling and slobbering, which can be messy and require regular clean-up.
  6. Heat Sensitivity: Their short muzzle can make them sensitive to heat and prone to overheating in hot weather. It’s essential to provide them with a relaxed and shaded environment.
  7. Potential Behavioral Issues: Dogue de Bordeaux can become overly protective or aggressive without proper training and socialisation, making early training essential.

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Temperament

Like many other dogs of the same type and suited to guarding, the Dogue de Bordeaux also severely tolerates loneliness. His protective instinct leads him to want to have his family, to whom he is very attached, in his sight at all times. He prefers that someone is always with him, and he suffers if left alone for too long.

The Dogue de Bordeaux has a particular character. It bears shouting and punishment very badly, while it is much more sensitive to training based on rewards and cuddles. Like all dogs brought up to guard, it is alert to any change and naturally distrusts strangers. It is a sensitive dog, which must be considered when considering adopting one.

Despite its imposing size and fighting musculature, this breed is lovely and affectionate towards its family. It is a dog that deeply loves its loved ones and protects them with all its courage and strength. It loves cuddles and lying at its owner’s feet among the people it loves.

The Dogue de Bordeaux is as sweet and loving with his family and children as he is wary of strangers. A territorial dog is naturally prone to guarding. When these instincts are fostered by training, they can become a formidable deterrent to attackers. Even if well-socialised as a puppy, this guarding instinct may soften but never disappear.

The Dogue de Bordeaux is also very unfriendly to other dogs. This massive and powerful Molossian can have a dominant character, especially in males, and be aggressive towards other dogs. If you had an adult specimen and wanted to introduce another dog into your home, you could have considerable problems.

Very attached to his family and territory, this dog does not tend to run away and is entirely devoted to guarding and protecting the house. Be careful, however, not to leave him there all the time for guarding. Every guard dog suffers if it can never escape its ‘workplace’ and receive new stimulation. A relaxing, quotidian walk is necessary.

The Dogue de Bordeaux only barks when necessary. It loves to spend most of its time with its owner but is sluggish, despite its agility, power and resistance to fatigue.
The Dogue de Bordeaux is a discreet, docile dog, but because of its size, it can be dangerous, as with a simple run, it can knock over an adult and, with a tail, break a tea set.

A ‘gladiator dog, used for centuries in fights, the Dogue de Bordeaux has a potent bite and may be tempted to use it if it feels in danger or is not trained in self-control. A dominant, uncontrolled specimen can be dangerous to other dogs and people it does not know.

These dogs were also used for hunting. They have predator instincts. They do not usually stray from their owners to chase the trail of wild animals, but they can attack cats and other small domestic animals.

All Molossian dogs only bark if necessary, i.e. when they signal danger or want to protect their loved ones and territory. This is also the case for the Dogue de Bordeaux, a breed suited to guarding and protection. If not dissuaded from doing so, the Dogue will bark whenever it sees an unknown person.

These large, muscular dogs are generally not very active. If they do not perceive danger or the presence of an unknown person, they tend to lie dormant in their kennel happily or, if it is hot, directly on the cool floor. Sometimes, they appear lazy, but their calm nature has the upper hand. They will be agile and quick on their guard.

The Dogue de Bordeaux must be impeccably trained because of its large size and tendency to be dominant in the home and aggressive with other dogs. If he is, however, when leashed, he does not try to pull and generally behaves meekly and calmly.

The Dogue de Bordeaux will not be willing to play for hours and will tire after a relatively short time. These dogs love to play but do not have endless energy. They are, however, delighted to be in the company of children while they play and are sweet and loving with their family, on whom they are very dependent.

Education and Training of Dogue De Bordeaux

Do you want to train your dog? Then, why not try this online course on developing your dog’s “Hidden Intelligence.”

The education and training of a Dogue de Bordeaux are crucial aspects of responsible ownership. This breed is known for its loyalty and protective nature, so proper training and socialisation are essential to ensure they become well-mannered, confident, and balanced companions. Here’s more information about educating and training a Dogue de Bordeaux:

1. Early Socialisation: Start socialising your Dogue de Bordeaux from a young age. Expose them to various people, places, sounds, and experiences to help them become well-adjusted adults. Early positive interactions can help reduce potential behavioural issues.

2. Positive Reinforcement: Dogue de Bordeaux responds well to positive reinforcement training methods, which involve rewarding good behaviour with treats, praise, toys, or other positive stimuli. This approach encourages them to repeat desired behaviours.

3. Consistency and Patience: Consistency is key when training a Dogue de Bordeaux. They can be strong-willed, so you need to be patient and persistent in your training efforts. Avoid using harsh or punishment-based methods, as these can damage the trust between you and your dog.

4. Basic Obedience Commands: Teach essential commands like sit, stay, come, down, and leash walking. These commands provide structure and control in various situations, making managing your dog easier.

Education and training of the Dogue de Bordeaux are essential for this breed to become a good companion for life.
Start early: It is essential to start the education and training of your Dogue de Bordeaux as early as possible, preferably when it is still a puppy. This will help prevent unwanted behaviour and build a solid foundation for the future.

5. Leash Training: Proper leash training is necessary due to the breed’s size and strength. Teach them to walk calmly on a leash without pulling or lunging. This ensures safe and enjoyable walks for both you and your dog.

6. Crate Training: Crate training can help with housebreaking and providing a safe space for your dog. Introduce the crate gradually and associate it with positive experiences to help your Dogue de Bordeaux feel comfortable inside.

7. Guarding Behavior: Given their protective nature, managing and training their guarding instincts is crucial. Teach them when to bark or alert you and when to stop barking on command.

8. Early Puppy Training Classes: Enrolling your Dogue de Bordeaux in puppy training classes can provide a structured environment for learning basic obedience and socialisation skills. It also helps them interact with other puppies and people.

9. Mental Stimulation: Engage your Dogue de Bordeaux in mental activities such as puzzle toys, scent games, and obedience training sessions. Mental stimulation is essential for their well-being and can help prevent boredom-related behaviour issues.

10. Be a Confident Leader: Dogue de Bordeaux dogs respect confident and assertive leadership. Establish yourself as the pack leader through consistent training, setting boundaries, and providing guidance.

11. Behavioral Issues: Address behavioural issues promptly. If you notice any aggression, fear, or other problematic behaviours, seek guidance from a professional dog trainer or behaviourist experienced with the breed.

Remember that training and education are ongoing throughout your Dogue de Bordeaux life. While they may mature into well-behaved adults, continued reinforcement and training sessions are essential to maintaining their skills and ensuring a solid bond between you and your dog.

Is it Suitable for Families and Children?

Dogue de Bordeaux  is a watchful and courageous dog; he is not aggressive and loves children very much. His character has been improved over time, making him more docile, affectionate and faithful.
He is a watchful and courageous dog; he is not aggressive and loves children very much.

When it comes to dogs with a history of fighting, it is hard to imagine them placidly crouched down while children climb on them, shouting and having the time of their lives. Yet that is precisely what happens with the Dogue de Bordeaux breed.

Despite this breed’s past, its specimens are lovely and patient with children. Of course, the presence of an adult during interactions is indispensable.

Care and Health

Dogue de Bordeaux are generally healthy dogs, but they are prone to specific health problems, such as:

  • Hip dysplasia: This is a common joint problem in large dogs. It can cause pain and lameness.
  • Elbow dysplasia: This is another common joint problem in large dogs. It can cause pain and lameness.
  • Heart disease: Dogue de Bordeauxs are prone to certain types of heart disease, such as mitral valve disease and subaortic stenosis.
  • Bloat: This is a life-threatening condition that can occur in large dogs. A twisting of the stomach causes it.
  • Cherry eye: This is a common eye condition in Dogue de Bordeaux. A protrusion of the tear gland causes it.
  • Wrinkles: Dogue de Bordeaux has a lot of wrinkles, which can trap moisture and bacteria. This can lead to skin infections.

Taking your Dogue de Bordeaux to the veterinarian for regular checkups is essential so that any health problems can be detected early and treated. You should also be aware of the signs of the most common health problems in Dogue de Bordeaux so that you can seek treatment immediately if necessary.

Here are some tips for caring for a Dogue de Bordeaux:

  • Provide plenty of exercise. Dogue de Bordeaux needs at least 30 minutes of exercise per day.
  • Feed a healthy diet. Dogue de Bordeaux are prone to weight gain, so feeding them a healthy diet is essential.
  • Groom regularly. Dogue de Bordeaux has short, thick coats that require minimal grooming. However, they drool often, so you must wipe their faces regularly.
  • Take to the vet for regular checkups. Dogue de Bordeaux are prone to specific health problems, so taking them to the vet for regular checkups is essential.
  • Be patient and consistent with training. Dogue de Bordeaux can be stubborn dogs, so it is essential to be patient and consistent with training.

Feeding the Dogue de Bordeaux.

This dog also consumes a lot: a Bordeaux dogue with an average lifespan of 12 years can eat as much as 2.5 tonnes of kibble alone!

From a quantitative point of view and a qualitative point of view, it is essential to offer him good quality kibble, which avoids fattening up, especially in adulthood. The overweight Bordeaux is subject to various pathologies, and care must be taken not to burden the skeletal system excessively. Here are some examples of good quality kibble:

Dogue de Bordeaux grooming

The Dogue Bordeaux has a short, skinny coat, which it loses during seasonal moulting. Brushing him regularly helps to keep hair loss under control and limits tracks on carpets and hanks of hair in the corners of the house. However, giving up the idea of not seeing hair around will not be possible.

The Dogue de Bordeaux is a large dog breed with a high energy requirement, so it needs a balanced and nutritious diet to maintain its health and fitness.
During the growth period, up to six months of age, puppies should receive three or four meals a day. After that, they can be switched to two larger meals per day. Switching from puppy food to adult formula will also be an opportunity.

The coat of the Dogue de Bordeaux is one of its most remarkable physical characteristics: it is short, pleasant to the touch and usually a beautiful, slightly golden colour. Although it loses a lot of hair, it is easy to clean as you must brush it regularly. It requires no special grooming. However, care must be taken with this dog’s eyes, which can be vulnerable to irritation and infection. The ears and oral cavity should be checked weekly for irritation or inflammation.

Final thoughts

In conclusion, owning a Dogue de Bordeaux can be a rewarding experience, but it comes with advantages and challenges. This breed’s imposing appearance, loyalty, and protective nature make them excellent family guardians and companions. When properly socialised, their gentle and affectionate demeanour can create strong bonds with family members, especially children.

However, potential owners should be prepared for specific considerations. Health issues, including a relatively short lifespan and susceptibility to hip dysplasia, require dedicated care and regular veterinary attention. Their training and socialisation demand patience, consistency, and positive reinforcement methods to harness their loyalty effectively. While they have moderate exercise needs, their size and slobbering tendencies should be considered in living arrangements.

In summary, a Dogue de Bordeaux can thrive in a loving and committed home where proper training, socialisation, and healthcare are consistently provided. For those who appreciate the breed’s protective nature, gentle disposition, and imposing presence, owning a Dogue de Bordeaux can be fulfilling and enriching.

Helpful links:

  1. The Dogue de Bordeaux Club of Great Britain
  2. The Northern Dogue de Bordeaux Club
  3. Dogue De Bordeaux Club of Great Britain
  4. Dogue De Bordeaux

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The "Frenchie Breed" website is a blog aimed at dog owners. We regularly publish articles about our four-legged furry friends. Among the contents of our blog, you will find ample space on the latest news in the sector, with information and in-depth analysis dedicated to the world of dogs in all its forms, the latest trends and news of the moment, curious facts, events devoted to dogs, product reviews, as well as an intense activity of information regarding the health and well-being of pets.

Please Note: The articles in the 'Frenchie Breed Blog' are for information purposes only; nothing published can or should be construed as an attempt to offer professional advice or consultation with a physician, veterinary surgeon or another health professional.

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Written by Frenchie Breed

The "Frenchie Breed" website is a blog aimed at dog owners. We regularly publish articles about our four-legged furry friends. Among the contents of our blog, you will find ample space on the latest news in the sector, with information and in-depth analysis dedicated to the world of dogs in all its forms, the latest trends and news of the moment, curious facts, events devoted to dogs, product reviews, as well as an intense activity of information regarding the health and well-being of pets.

Please Note: The articles in the 'Frenchie Breed Blog' are for information purposes only; nothing published can or should be construed as an attempt to offer professional advice or consultation with a physician, veterinary surgeon or another health professional.

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